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Cotton is a shrubby plant that is a member of the Mallow family. Its name refers to the cream-colored fluffy fibres surrounding small cottonseeds called a boll

The cotton plant is a source for many important products other than fabric. Among the most important is cottonseed, which is pressed for cottonseed oil that is used in commercial products such as salad oils and snack foods, cosmetics, soap, candles, detergents, and paint. The hulls and meal are used for animal feed. Cotton is also a source for cellulose products, fertilizer, fuel, automobile tire cord, pressed paper, and cardboard. cotton can thrive well on fertile clay loams, silty loams, and sandy loams. sandy, saline and waterlogged soils must be avoided