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The CTG is an abbreviation for Cotton, Textiles & Garments. This is a short form of describing the entire value chain as it coveres raw material production (cotton), processing of cotton (textiles) and the production of the finished goods (garments).

Detailed Question

I hear the term CTG used often in association with cotton. What does it mean?

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Cluster farming refers to farming of different or the same crop(s) by a group farmers who collaborate on joint farming on a large acreage of land, each having their own portion and monitored/supervised by an extension agent. Cluster farmers are generally in the same locality.

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2000KG (2TONS)

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Cotton is a shrubby plant that is a member of the Mallow family. Its name refers to the cream-colored fluffy fibres surrounding small cottonseeds called a boll

The cotton plant is a source for many important products other than fabric. Among the most important is cottonseed, which is pressed for cottonseed oil that is used in commercial products such as salad oils and snack foods, cosmetics, soap, candles, detergents, and paint. The hulls and meal are used for animal feed. Cotton is also a source for cellulose products, fertilizer, fuel, automobile tire cord, pressed paper, and cardboard. cotton can thrive well on fertile clay loams, silty loams, and sandy loams. sandy, saline and waterlogged soils must be avoided

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Cotton is infested by a host of pests, including boll worms, leaf rollers, leaf miners, cotton stainers, etc.

- Use appropriate insecticides and application equipment to control insect pests in cotton

- Spraying should commence at square formation (about 8 weeks after sowing) and continue at two weeks interval until bolls opening

-  about 2-4 times sprays may be required before picking, depending on pests severity

- Common insecticides in the market include: Dimethoate, Cypermethrin, Cymbush, Decis, Perfekthion, Lambdahalothrin (Karate), uppercott, etc, and their mixtures.

- Ensure proper sprayer calibration and apply at recommended rates

- Use high volume sprayers, eg. knapsack sprayer, etc.

-Use protective clothing and observe all precautionary measures during spraying.

- Alternatively, use pest resistant variety (Bt cotton is being considered in Nigeria)

- Observe close season

- practice crop rotation

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Samcot -8: recommended for the Eastern Cotton Zone (North-East)

Samcot -9, 12, 13: recommended for the Northern Cotton Zone (North-West), Samcot 12 & 13, should be grown with supplementary irrigation

Samcot 10 & 11: recommended for the North-Central and South-Western cotton Zone.

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160 days

Detailed Question

How long does It take to grow and harvest cotton?

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In Nigeria,

Northern Zone - June

Eastern Zone - June

Central Zone - Mid May - Early June

Southern Zone - May

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Cotton is mainly grown in semi-arid and tropical regions where annual rainfall of atleast 500 millimeter is distributed throughout the growing seasons.

cotton can strive well on all soils except sandy, saline and waterlogged soils. cotton is a desert plant so it will grow almost anywhere provided there is adequate rainfall or irrigation

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Not exactly. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) funds farmers. NACOTAN is an anchor borrower organization. They represent a group of farmer who would have met set criteria to get CBN funding.

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There are 4 main varieties of cotton

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